Early grade Piles are initially treated the same way, using techniques to destroy the hemorrhoid. These include Cryotherapy , Infrared coagulation,injecting the hemorrhoid vein to make it sclerose or harden, using rubber bands to choke off the blood supply and make the hemorrhoidal tissue shrivel, or other procedures that cause the mucosa to shrivel and die.
there are small inflammations, usually inside the lining of the anus. They are not visible
Larger than grade hemorrhoids, but also inside the anus. When passing a stool, they may get pushed out, but return unaided
often called ‘prolapsed hemorrhoids’ these appear outside the anus. The patient may feel them hanging out. They can be pushed back in if the patient presses with their finger
these cannot be pushed back in and need to be treated by a doctor. They are large and stay outside the anus all the time.
External hemorrhoids are called perianal hematoma. These are small lumps that are located on the outside edge of the anus. They are very itchy and can be painful if a blood clot forms inside. Thrombosed external hemorrhoid requires medical surgical treatment.
Diet and adequate hydration are very important to maintain normal bowel movements. Piles symptoms can occur with the passage of hard stool and constipation, as well as diarrhea and frequent bowel movements. For patients with constipation, high fiber diet, adequate hydration and stool softeners may be required.
Stool softeners work by increasing the water and fat content within the stool allowing it to be passed more easily.
Medications are used to control symptoms by softening the stool, decreasing the inflammation of the hemorrhoids and treating the pain.
Inflammation can be controlled with over-the-counter creams or suppositories.
Lidocaine or hydrocortisone based ointments help in relieving itching.